aquarium sand
17 Jan

The herbs are taking the nutrients from the ground, therefore if you decide for an ornamental aquarium you should have a ground rich in nutrients, as much as possible. The thickness of the aquarium ground is also important and it should be about 5 cm in the front and about 10-15 cm in the back of the aquarium. The next thing that matters is the composition of the ground. Depending on the choice of fish, but also when setting up the aquarium ground the chemical stability, the granulation and the shape of the substrate must be taken into consideration. For the fishes that aggressively “dig” at the bottom of the aquarium it is desirable a larger gravel and stones, in order to avoid mu
ddying the water. For the fishes that are feeding on from the ground and that are hiding and burying, it is needed gravel and sand.  The gravel must not have sharp edges but rounded in order the fish would not get hurt while digging through its looking for food. The most spices of south american fishes like darker background so they can feel calmer. When it comes to chemical stability the background should be chemically stable in order to avoid changing the value of the carbonate and the acidity of water.

The sand is one of the more common aquarium ground that you can, but although it has a nice structure and it looks nice it has drawback i.e eventually thickens and thus hampers the development of the roots of herbs, which leads to roots dying and over time the herb collapses. The sand does not consist of any nutrients that the herb can absorb. It should not be used as the topmost layer of the ground since it will cause problems when siphoning the bottom and for the herbs it is a little harder to take roots in it. The sand as a aquarium ground material is good only in combination with peat, clay and humus. Silica ground can be found in many types of granulation. It consists of gravel with small granulation which easily develops root plants so because of it is very common in our aquarium. Silica gravel is the most popular material used in the aquariums as a base.

different kinds of aquarium ground example of aquarium ground

An important feature of this material is that it allows the diffusion of mineral compounds that are added to the aquarium so the herbs can absorb it through the root system. In an aquarium where the ground in the lower layers has nutrients, it is necessary that the layer of silica gravel is at least of 2-3 cm, in order to prevent blurring the water when moving the herbs. Unlike sand, it enables herbs to normally take their roots in it. Peat is rich in organic matter. If you decide for peat you must be aware of the possibility that it can lead to great presence of alga if all other conditions in the aquarium are not in balance. It is also one of the most used materials in the aquarium bases. It is of natural origin and it originates when there is an incomplete decay of plant material. Apart from being an excellent source of plant fertilizing, it greatly affects the pH. As an aquarium ground you can use the soil for flowers which is also good. It is not recommended to exaggerate with the thickness of the soil layer and over it must be a layer of silica or other material that you have decided but with the same thickness.  Soil for flowers is a mixture of humus and peat, as well as some micro and macro elements. The most important thing when choosing a soil for flowers is the pH value which should be 5-7. It is usually set up first in the ground, i.e it is the lowest layer and over it is placed silica gravel or something else that you have chosen. It has become increasingly popular in plant aquariums. The clay is usually set as the lowest layer in combination with fine sand over which is placed a layer of silica gravel in order to prevent turbidity of water from the ground. It is also used in the form of pellets that are eventually placed into the aquarium ground below the plant roots, afterwards. This procedure should be repeated several times a year.

Learn more about the each of the aquarium ground types we mentioned here.

Choose your aquarium ground from our suggestions:


sand1Petco White Aquarium Sand

Type: sand
Short description: Made of non-toxic fish safe materials and colors; Safe for use in freshwater and marine environments; Assists in breaking down waste.



Petco Black Aquarium Sand

Type: sand
Short description: Made of non-toxic fish safe materials and colors; Safe for use in freshwater and marine environments; Assists in breaking down waste.



sand tahitian moonSuper Naturals Tahitian Moon Aquarium Sand, 20 Lb, 19 X 12 X 1.7

Type: sand
Short description: The Tahitian Moon graded inert Sand should be used with freshwater and marine aquariums without undergravel filters. Use One Pound Per Gallon. The Moon Sand cannot be used in undergravel filters. It does not buffer the water.


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